Try these curated collections. In April 2015, Nigeria began talks with Russia's state-owned Rosatom to collaborate on the design, construction and operation of four nuclear power plants by 2035, the first of which will be in operation by 2025. His successor, Abdulsalam Abubakar, handed over power to the democratically elected government of Olusegun Obasanjo the next year. According to African Bank Notes, 12-15 brass manillas purchased one slave at the time. There has been an increase in total trade of over 10,384 million dollars between the two nations from 2000 to 2016. The far south is defined by its tropical rainforest climate, where annual rainfall is 60 to 80 inches (1,500 to 2,000 mm) a year. , There are many festivals in Nigeria, some of which date to the period before the arrival of the major religions in this ethnically and culturally diverse society. , Major crops include beans, sesame, cashew nuts, cassava, cocoa beans, groundnuts, gum arabic, kolanut, maize (corn), melon, millet, palm kernels, palm oil, plantains, rice, rubber, sorghum, soybeans and yams. The 1993 presidential election held on June 12, the first since the military coup of 1983. Lagos is the largest city in Africa, with a population of over 12 million in its urban area.. At the currency printing works of the NSPM Plc, quality is meticulously controlled throughout every process of currency production.  By 2100 the UN estimates that the Nigerian population will be between 505 million and 1.03 billion people (middle estimate: 730 million). By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the company had vastly succeeded in subjugating the independent southern kingdoms along the Niger River, the British conquered Benin in 1897, and, in the Anglo-Aro War (1901–1902), defeated other opponents. This is one of the world's largest river deltas, and the location of a large area of Central African mangroves. It currently has an indigenous vehicle manufacturing company, Innoson Motors, which manufactures saloon cars, rapid transit buses, ambulances, firefighting trucks and SUVs.  Cocoa is the leading non-oil foreign exchange earner. Right now, Nigeria has eight currency notes — N1000, N500, N200, N100, N50, N20, N10 and N5 — and three currency coins — N2, N1 and 50k — which fulfil all these criteria. With over 11 % of Nigeria’s Internet subscribers involved in crypto, Nigeria has been ranked 5th in the world by Arcade Research. Nigeria's Delta region, home of the large oil industry, experiences serious oil spills and other environmental problems, which has caused conflict. In 1989, Babangida started making plans for the transition to the Third Nigerian Republic.  The city of Aba in the south-eastern part of the country are well known for their handicrafts and shoes, known as "Aba made"..  By 2016, this record was held by The Wedding Party, a film by Kemi Adetiba.  Usually the captives were taken back to the conquerors' territory as forced labour; after time, they were sometimes acculturated and absorbed into the conquerors' society.  Submission of the wife to her husband and domestic violence are common. , Following the war, Nigeria enjoyed the oil boom of the 1970s, during which the country joined OPEC and received huge oil revenues. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country.  Yet husbands continue to dictate the votes for many women in Nigeria, which upholds the patriarchal system.. This name was coined on January 8, 1897, by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator.  Nigeria has been reorganising its health system since the Bamako Initiative of 1987, which formally promoted community-based methods of increasing accessibility of drugs and health care services to the population, in part by implementing user fees. It is estimated that over a million Nigerians have emigrated to the United States and constitute the Nigerian American populace. In April 1994, the Super Eagles ranked 5th in the FIFA World Rankings, the highest ranking achieved by an African football team. It has 2.5-metre resolution panchromatic (very high resolution), 5-metre multispectral (high resolution, NIR red, green and red bands), and 32-metre multispectral (medium resolution, NIR red, green and red bands) antennas, with a ground receiving station in Abuja. Nigeria was also a founding member of the Organisation for African Unity (now the African Union), and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole. Relatively, the Nigeria government has attempted to place a ban on crypto currency, although its legal status remains ambiguous unlike in countries like Morocco and Algeria where there is a clear ban on trading in Bitcoins such that a breach attracts heavy fines. Condition: Circulated. It was launched on 13 May 2007, aboard a Chinese Long March 3B carrier rocket, from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in China.  According to the U.S. Department of State, the most significant human rights problems are: use of excessive force by security forces; impunity for abuses by security forces; arbitrary arrests; prolonged pretrial detention; judicial corruption and executive influence on the judiciary; rape, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of prisoners, detainees and suspects; harsh and life‑threatening prison and detention centre conditions; human trafficking for the purpose of prostitution and forced labour; societal violence and vigilante killings; child labour, child abuse and child sexual exploitation; domestic violence; discrimination based on ethnicity, region and religion. The Nok civilization of Nigeria flourished between 1,500 BC and AD 200. The Kano Chronicle highlights an ancient history dating to around 999 AD of the Hausa Sahelian city-state of Kano, with other major Hausa cities (or Hausa Bakwai) of: Daura, Hadeija, Kano, Katsina, Zazzau, Rano, and Gobir all having recorded histories dating back to the 10th century. Further, Nigeria has become an African hub for the Grail Movement and the Hare Krishnas, and the largest temple of the Eckankar religion is in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, with a total capacity of 10,000. Make Money Online in Nigeria within 5 Minutes this 2020 and 2021. The NigeriaSat-2 spacecraft alone was built at a cost of over £35 million.  JuJu music, which is percussion music fused with traditional music from the Yoruba nation and made famous by King Sunny Adé, is from Nigeria.  However the structure of the Sino-Nigerian trade relationship has become a major political issue for the Nigerian state. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) oversees and regulates monetary policy, as well as … In 1977, a constituent assembly was elected to draft a new constitution, which was published on September 21, 1978, when the ban on political activity was lifted. Nigeria achieved independence in 1960.. Nigeria's best-known writers are Wole Soyinka, the first African Nobel Laureate in Literature, and Chinua Achebe, best known for the novel Things Fall Apart (1958) and his controversial critique of Joseph Conrad. However, studies have also investigated the growth of indigenous trees in with that of exotic species. Nigeria is also involved in other sports such as basketball, cricket and track and field. Under a law signed in early 2014, same-sex couples who marry face up to 14 years each in prison.  By the time of its break-up in 1903 into various European colonies, the Sokoto Caliphate was one of the largest pre-colonial African states. How to send money to Nigeria from the United States. Bioye Tajudeen Aluko and Abdul–Rasheed Amidu, Epiphany Azinge, "The Right to Vote in Nigeria: A Critical Commentary on the Open Ballot System,".  Most workers in the informal sector are women. Nigerian naira Currency: The naira is the official currency of Nigeria. By independence in 1960, regional differences in modern educational access were marked. In 2016, Nigeria’s GDP took a knock.  In 2015, incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari said corrupt officials have stolen $150 billion from Nigeria in the last 10 years. Nigeria has set the pace in the acceptance and use of cryptocurrency in Africa. Retaining these expensively trained professionals has been identified as one of the goals of the government. A visiting Nigerian Senator reported that all the primary and post-primary schools, health centres, worship centres as well as the police station in the area were destroyed. The largely government-owned Nigerian Security Printing and Minting Company Ltd is in charge of minting the currency, and it operates in Lagos and Abuja. The central bank in March weakened the parallel market rate to 380 naira to the US dollar from 365, with the central bank calling the move an “adjustment” rather than a devaluation.  In August 1983 Shagari and the NPN were returned to power in a landslide victory, with a majority of seats in the National Assembly and control of 12 state governments. Aside from plant invaders, Rattus rattus and Avian influenza virus were also considered IAS in Nigeria.  Various Nigerian Confraternities or student "campus cults" are active in both organised crime and in political violence as well as providing a network of corruption within Nigeria. seventh most populous country in the world, pacifying the heartland of the Sokoto Caliphate, National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, Nigerian military juntas of 1966–79 and 1983–99, Igbos in Northern cities suffered persecution, February 1976 coup against Nigeria's government, Nigerian military juntas of 1966–1979 and 1983–1999, Ethnic violence for control over the oil-producing Niger Delta, Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra, Economic Community of West African States, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, Nigerian Space Research and Development Agency, Nigeria is the seventh most populous country in the world, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Lord's Chosen Charismatic Revival Movement, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Nigeria Naira exchange rate is the USD to NGN rate. The names of the universities that got licenses in Abuja included, Augustine University, Ilara, Lagos; Chrisland University, Owode, Ogun State; Christopher University, Mowe, Ogun State; Hallmark University, Ijebu-Itele, Ogun State; Kings University, Ode-Omu, Osun State; Micheal and Cecilia Ibru University, Owhrode, Delta State; Mountain Top University, Makogi/Oba Ogun state; Ritman University, Ikot-Epene, Akwa- Ibom State and Summit University, Offa, Kwara State.  In the Sahel region, rain is less than 500 millimetres (20 in) per year and the Sahara Desert is encroaching. , Leading Protestant churches in the country include the Church of Nigeria of the Anglican Communion, the Assemblies of God Church, the Nigerian Baptist Convention and The Synagogue, Church Of All Nations. Candidates with a minimum of Merit Pass in National Certificate of Education (NCE), National Diploma (ND) and other Advanced Level Certificates minimum qualifications with a minimum of 5O/L Credits are given direct entry admission into the appropriate undergraduate degree programs. Senate President Nwafor Orizu handed over government control to the Army, then under the command of another Igbo officer, General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi. Between 1990 and 2005, in total Nigeria lost 35.7% of its forest cover, or around 6,145,000 hectares.. Around 42.5% of the population were 14 years or younger, 19.6% were aged 15–24, 30.7% were aged 25–54, 4.0% aged 55–64, and 3.1% aged 65 years or older. The inaugural coins of Nigeria's currency featured the bronze 1/2 and one coins and the cupro-nickel 5, 10, and 25 coins. Gang violence in Lagos resulted in 273 civilians and 84 policemen killed in the period of August 2000 to May 2001. Observers generally praised the election as being fair. The official language of Nigeria, English, was chosen to facilitate the cultural and linguistic unity of the country, owing to the influence of British colonisation which ended in 1960. Since 1995, the Nigerian military, through ECOMOG mandates, have been deployed as peacekeepers in Liberia (1997), Ivory Coast (1997–1999), and Sierra Leone (1997–1999). New coins were unveiled in 2007 featuring bimetallic 1 and 2 naira and 50 kobo. First-year entry requirements into most universities in Nigeria include: Minimum of SSCE/GCE Ordinary Level Credits at a maximum of two sittings; Minimum cut-off marks in Joint Admission and Matriculation Board Entrance Examination (JAMB) of 180 and above out of a maximum of 400 marks are required. Lawsuits under the American Alien Tort Statute against Royal Dutch Shell and Brian Anderson, the head of Shell's Nigerian operation, settled out of court with Shell continuing to deny liability. As oil production and revenue rose, the Nigerian government became increasingly dependent on oil revenues and international commodity markets for budgetary and economic concerns. On 29 May 1999, Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the 1999 presidential election, former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo as the second democratically elected civilian President of Nigeria heralding the beginning of the Fourth Nigerian Republic. The government has recently begun expanding this infrastructure to space-based communications. , A changing legal imperative (transatlantic slave trade outlawed by Britain in 1807) and economic imperative (a desire for political and social stability) led most European powers to support the widespread cultivation of agricultural products, such as the palm, for use in European industry. In 2007, new versions of the denominations between five to fifty naira notes were unveiled. As of 2012[update], the HIV prevalence rate among adults ages 15–49 was just 3.1 percent. Nigeria's national football team, known as the "Super Eagles", has made the World Cup on Six occasions 1994, 1998, 2002, 2010, 2014, and most recently in 2018. The Nigerian Military consists of an army, a navy, and an air force. The world bank states Nigeria has had a 7.4% economic growth in July, 2019 which has been their highest yet since the gross domestic product rate decreased to 2%. Nigeria is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a total area of 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi), making it the world's 32nd-largest country. The UNHCR representative said in 20 years of work, she had "never seen such a level of destruction". The education system is divided into Kindergarten, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education. , As of 2010[update], about 30% of Nigerians are employed in agriculture. With the fall of oil prices during the 1980s oil glut Nigeria struggled to keep up with its loan payments and eventually defaulted on its principal debt repayments, limiting repayment to the interest portion of the loans.  In 2012, a new bone marrow donor program was launched by the University of Nigeria to help people with leukaemia, lymphoma, or sickle cell disease to find a compatible donor for a life-saving bone marrow transplant, which cures them of their conditions. The origin of the name Niger, which originally applied to only the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. 3,178 nigeria currency stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Herder—farmer conflict in central Nigeria, violent protests by Muslims in the Northern part of the country, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Drilling and Killing: Chevron and Nigeria's Oil Dictatorship, International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020 – Nigeria", "Nigeria's Buhari wins historic election landslide", "Linguistic diversity in Africa and Europe – Languages Of The World", "Choosing an Indigenous Official Language for Nigeria", "The countries with the 10 largest Christian populations and the 10 largest Muslim populations", "Nigeria to Give All of Its 200 Million People Identity Numbers", "Nigeria becomes Africa's largest economy", "Nigerian Economy Overtakes South Africa's on Rebased GDP", "Nigeria is poised to become Africa's most powerful nation", The Americas in Transition: The Contours of Regionalism, South African Foreign Policy and Middle Power Leadership, "MINT Countries: Nigeria Now Listed Among Emerging World Economic Powers", "The Mint countries: Next economic giants?  Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Muslims, who live mostly in the north, and Christians, who live mostly in the south. The Nigerian film industry is known as Nollywood (a blend of Nigeria and Hollywood) and is now the 2nd-largest producer of movies in the world after India's Bollywood. Unlike traditional currencies, bitcoins are … Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Remittances from diaspora Nigerians as lubricant for the economy", "Agriculture – Nigeria – export, growth, area, crops, farming, sector", "Nigeria closes part of border with Benin to check rice smuggling", "Stakes in four Nigerian oil fields being sold by Shell", "The New Economy of Africa: Opportunities for Nigeria's Emerging Technology Sector", "Africa's Booming Tech Hubs Are "Backbone of Tech Ecosystem" Having Grown 40% This Year", "Nigeria: Gold mine waiting to be tapped", "5 Advantages Of Driving An Innoson Vehicle", "Nissan to role out 1st made in Nigeria cars in April", "Industrial hub: Why more companies are moving to Ogun", "Ogun State: Nigeria's new Industrial hub", "Innoson cars will sell for N1 million in 2014 – Chukwuma", "Zinox Introduces Tablet Range of Computers, Plans Commercial Launch", "Will the new automotive policy give us affordable made-in-Nigeria car? The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, and its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. The northern part of the country then became larger than the southern part. With over 11 % of Nigeria’s Internet subscribers involved in crypto, Nigeria has been ranked 5th …  The new strategy dramatically increased accessibility through community-based health care reform, resulting in more efficient and equitable provision of services. swap_vert. On March 13, 1903, at the grand market square of Sokoto, the last Vizier of the Caliphate officially conceded to British rule. Its last period of military rule ended in 1999 following the sudden death of former dictator Sani Abacha in 1998. Britain annexed Lagos as a Crown Colony in August 1861 with the Lagos Treaty of Cession. 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