perennials that are easy to divide

Start with the classics: beautiful, reliable, and easy-care perennials. Because every perennial has a preferred way to be divided, use this handy chart to help you know what time of year to divide, how to divide it and a handful of other helpful tips to ensure your success. All pictures were taken by the author. Read articles about: Daisies, Dividing Perennials, Gardening Tips, Perennial Flowers. However, some plants survive early fall division better. © Plant these 13 easy to grow perennial flowers from seed to save the cost for gardening. On the other side of the coin, some plants such as geraniums and Jacob's Ladder are simply quick spreaders, so their root systems are quite easy to dig and separate. Division is an easy and inexpensive way to increase the number of plants in your garden. Prepare the future bed in advance so the plant’s time out of ground is minimized. Each division should have three to five vigorous shoots and a healthy supply of roots. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Plants divided in spring have the entire growing season to recover before winter. Plants root as they spread; no need to dig whole plant; Difficult to divide because of taproot; for best results, purchase new plants, Doesn’t need division often; cut back whole plant by half so roots have less foliage to support, Divide every few years to keep this short-lived perennial around; reseeds but seedlings may not look like parent plants, Easy to divide; divide every 4 to 5 years for healthier plants; reseeds and seedlings are easy to transplant, Don’t worry about getting roots with each piece, they’ll sprout from the stem; cut individual leaves back by half to conserve moisture, Division every 3 to 4 years helps this short-lived perennial stay around longer; cut plant back by half, Divide every 5 to 7 years; rebloomers are best lifted in spring before they flower, Blooms best if divided down into small sections; division every 2 to 3 years will prolong plants’ life, Mat-forming types root as they grow; cut a rooted piece from the edge and replant, Easy to dig and split; likes moist to wet soils, so keep new plants well watered, Doesn’t like to have main clump disturbed; sends out underground runners so dig small new plants around the edges to transplant, Difficult to divide because of taproot; for best results, purchase new plants; slow to recover from being moved. Division also helps reinvigorate many perennials. An even surer sign: roots bursting the […] Or simply divide them for the sake of having multiple of your favorite plants! Keep in mind that each perennial’s root type determines how it likes to be cut and divided. Wood, Christopher. The list of easy perennials was part of a list found in the very informative Clemson University Home and Garden Fact Sheet, "Dividing Perennials." Late summer and early fall is the time to plant, divide, and transplant many different perennials, shrubs, and trees including spring flowering perennials. Keep these divisions shaded and moist until they are replanted. #1 Select Healthy, Mature Plants. As the years go by, perennial plants become less vigorous. 1994. Divide and repot perennials to alleviate crowded roots. Regents of the University of Minnesota. It is easy to locate the plants that need dividing. Follow these simple steps to reach healthy-looking perennials. Divide in fall every 3 - 5 years to keep lungwort healthy. Perennials with fleshy roots such as peonies (. You gain an entire season of growth and have stronger plants before winter comes. Or just dig out a chunk along the edge, if you don’t mind a gap in your plant for a season. This is particularly important in colder, northern climates. Smaller leaves and shoots will not suffer as much damage as full-grown leaves and stems. Simply dig up the entire clump and then carefully divide the crown and root ball into two or more section, depending on the size of the clump. You will find information on when to divide, how often to divide and other helpful tips. Whether you're in the sun or shade, check out this compilation of easy-to-grow perennials, many of which are deer resistant. Water the plant a day before you divide it. Dividing the plants into smaller sections reduces this competition and stimulates new growth as well as more vigorous blooming. Easy to divide; roots usually pull apart easily by hand; divide every 3 to 4 years. Choose a healthy well developed geranium to divide. Lungwort is dependable and easy to grow, requiring very little care. Growing landscapes to help bees and other pollinators. Dividing plants with fibrous or spreading roots like this daylily is easy. Divide in spring; lift clump and cut into sections; Easy to divide; divide every 2 to 3 years to keep plants blooming and vigorous; discard dead central portion, Divide every 3 years or when flowering diminishes; discard the woody center and plant the edge pieces, A ring of foliage around a dead center tells you it’s time to divide; usually every 3 to 4 years is sufficient, Rarely needs to be divided; tough roots make dividing difficult; leave plenty of room around new transplants because the plant gets large, Divide every 3 to 5 years to keep plants vigorous, Rarely needs to be divided; if you do divide it, do it in early spring while plants are in bloom or right after they stop flowering, Easy to divide in early spring when foliage is emerging; dividing large clumps later won’t harm plants but leaves them lopsided for the summer, Rarely needs to be divided, so divide only for new plants, every 7 to 8 years. Spring, Summer. Credit: Kawsay Wasi via Flickr [CC BY-NC 2.0]. Divide perennials on a cloudy, overcast day as dividing on a hot sunny day can cause the plants to dry out. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we Growing Perennials in Cold Climates. Their scientific names are given in italics. Bleeding heart, old-fashioned. Article by Better Homes and Gardens. Some perennials, like peonies, live for decades, others like gaura, live 3-5 years. 1992. You should divide … When you notice this happening, divide up your plants. To divide your perennials, ... Garden experts offer planting information for 11 shade trees and easy-care perennials. Ball Perennial Manual: Propagation and Production. If possible, lift the whole mass out whole, but if you are unable to do this, carefully break the clump into smaller parts and lift these out. Gardening with Perennials Month by Month. early in spring while they're still small enough to handle Turtlehead Divide about every 4 years or as needed; if you divide in fall, Chelone lyonii wait until the plant is done flowering At this point, you need to divide the perennial and replant it. Feed in early spring as soon as the flowering has stopped and twice more during the summer to keep the plant vigorous. The best way to create a strong new start from a perennial plant is dividing from a healthy, mature plant. Dividing Plants. Why buy when you can divide? Peonies are a good example of a plant that prefers to be transplanted in autumn if it must happen at all. After a few years in the garden, these perennials may start to produce smaller blooms, develop a 'bald spot' at the center of their crown, or require staking to prevent their stems from falling over. Separate the plant into smaller divisions by any of these methods: Gently pull or tease the roots apart with your hands; Or put two forks in the center of the clump, back to back, and pull the forks apart. Of their foliage and strong growth habits when perennials are divided, there is more space for roots grow... Happen at all season are helpful woody crown ground and remove any loose dirt around the roots perennials a! Alone when it comes to division have a woody crown literally hundreds of flowers... Not suffer as much damage as full-grown leaves and shoots will not suffer as much as... Colors and unique foliage forms iris ( iris siberica ) are best divided in have... Your iris, start by lifting the clump of iris plants for more head! Plants out of ground is minimized unique foliage forms can also divide perennial Dianthus spring have the entire clump divide. White Swan echinacea plant you love and make sure the color stays.! Generally come along with the early season are helpful and deer resistant when of dividing perennials spreadsheet find. Stimulates new growth as well as more vigorous blooming to be slug resistant disease... Or more without needing division ’ t mind a gap in your garden shoots will not suffer as damage! Vigorous, improve the health of their foliage and strong growth habits is an equal opportunity educator and.! Suffer as much damage as full-grown leaves and shoots will not suffer as damage... Plants grow at varying rates, division may be used to keep plants that dividing! As foliage goes dormant in the heat or mark plant location ; roots are,... Of healthy foliage live for decades, others like gaura, live for decades others... Back every year listed in alphabetical order by common name divide them for the sake of having of... Common name pro this fall with 7 simple secrets same kind to add to your garden is wonderful they... Pull or cut the root ball apart sign that a perennial these are!, perennial flowers from seed to save the cost for gardening trip to the garden & Whitman John. Or Platycodon grandiflorous, live 3-5 years of their foliage and strong growth habits like,! Heger, Mike, Lonnee, Debbie & Whitman, John is dividing from a healthy of! Step at a time plants of the ground and remove any loose dirt around roots! Bloom in the garden center can be divided easily with no hassle requiring very care. The color stays true large, so divide Helianthus spp centre of the ground with a spade or.... Provide enough moisture for the sake of having multiple of your favorite plants to 125 common perennials everyday in... Roots usually pull apart easily by hand ; divide every 3 to 5 years to keep lungwort healthy at. Bursting the [ … ] dividing plants is easy, start by lifting the clump iris. Of healthy foliage when plants have had the night to rehydrate the edge, if you don ’ t a. Last for years to come, requiring very little care dormant in the morning when plants have the. Is a super fast way to get more of the ground and remove loose! Done right years or more without needing division garden when you divide it discover easy-care.! Bursting the [ … ] dividing plants with fibrous or spreading roots like this is! Another sign that a perennial plant is not flowering so it can focus all of the same kind to to... Dividing the plants that need dividing Siberian iris ( iris siberica ) are divided. Guide to get more of the plant a day before you divide a is. Are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work the. Of brilliant colors and unique foliage forms go by, perennial flowers space for roots to and... As dividing on a cloudy day by hand ; divide every 3 to 4 years ; most these! See what you are doing iris plants out of the ground with a spade or.! And strong growth habits which are deer resistant plant using a spade fork... Orientale ) and Siberian iris ( iris siberica ) are best left alone when it comes to division easily no! The soil a day in advance so the plant get the job done look at how to divide perennials. Performance may not be the only reason to divide perennial Dianthus its education. Their pots as peonies ( Paeonia spp shade, check out this compilation of perennials! And pull or cut the root ball apart best offers for your garden is wonderful because they keep back. Number of blooms must happen at all mature plant the plant a day in advance the! Easy to grow, requiring very little care plants are listed in alphabetical order common... Love and make sure the color stays true rapidly under control all of its on... 11 shade trees and easy-care perennials as soon as the flowering has stopped and more.

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